SIP 34: Disable sMKR and iMKR Source


Simple Summary

Disable the sMKR and iMKR synths to prevent traders from profiting by manipulating the price feed.


The sMKR and iMKR synths are under attack by price feed manipulators. See this reddit thread for a description of the attack. The illiquidity of the underlying allows users to profitably move the price feed in order to profit from their synth positions. In order to stop this attack, sMKR and iMKR should be disabled.


The synthetix system relies on an efficient, liquid market to form its price feed. It cannot support being a larger market than the underlying (at least without substantial changes to the protocol). An oracle change by itself therefore cannot mitigate this attack, nor can any of the front running protections. The problem is that it is profitable to forcibly move the market while holding synths. I see few other recourses other than removing a synth that is exposed to such a risk.

The attackers are currently trading large volumes (24 million daily volume at time of writing) and making large profits at the expense of minters. Some estimates in the discord server put the rate of growth in their account at about $7000 per hour.

The utility of a synthetic version of an ERC20 token available at nearly every DEX is also quite questionable and it has had limited interest besides among people exploiting its lack of liquidity. So there seems to be little downside in disabling it for the time being, as it is not a big driver of non-toxic volume or interest in the SNX exchange.


Disable sMKR and iMKR, allowing current holders to exit at the fixed oracle price, but no further buys to be made.


There seems to be wide support and little dissent for removing these synths as seen by the response to @samantha and @brian who have both previously suggested this in the discord. The major objections to this propsal are likely that 1) this is an inelegant solution, and 2) this attack will draw more liquidity to the MKR pairs and eventually make itself unprofitable. While inelegant, we currently do not have another good lever to pull to stop this attack (at some point, we can consider using dynamic fees if we ever choose to implement that, but that is a much larger project). While you could (and we already are seeing) more liquidity being drawn in to MKR/ETH pairs on a variety of exchanges, there is also danger of copycat traders watching for synth distribution changes and following the manipulators trades. This could amplify the costs to minters/traders over the next few days/weeks until it is a much larger threat.

There has also been a great deal of consternation about this attack on twitter and reddit, which negatively affects the system. A quick and effective response to stop this attack should reassure many of these concerns.

Test Cases



In order to implement this quickly given the priority of the issue, we are proposing to temporarily freeze the oracle price feed at the current price until a longer term solution can be found and the community reaches consensus on the future status ok sMKR and iMKR.

Update (April 8, 2020):

We have removed s/iMKR from the system, and purged anyone who held those Synths into sUSD.

sMKR frozen at 443.3180, iMKR frozen at 656.6820 in

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